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Odyssey

Linode VPS - 編譯安裝 CentOS 7 LNMP

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Posted (edited)

轉貼出處:https://blog.odysseusdream.com/topic.php?tID=810

關閉新式防火牆
systemctl stop firewalld.service
systemctl disable firewalld.service

設定 selinux
vi /etc/selinux/config

設定防火牆
vi firewall.sh
變更權限
chmod +x firewall.sh
啟動防火牆
./firewall.sh start

新增使用者
useradd 新使用者
passwd 新使用者

設定主機名稱
hostnamectl set-hostname 主機名稱

設定主機位址
vi /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost
IP位址 子網域名稱 網域名稱

設定時區
timedatectl list-timezones
timedatectl set-timezone 'Asia/Taipei'

yum -y remove mariadb-* postfix-*
yum -y install postfix cyrus-sasl cyrus-sasl-gssapi cyrus-sasl-ntlm cyrus-sasl-md5 cyrus-sasl-plain dovecot
yum -y install mariadb mariadb-server mariadb-devel
yum -y install ntp wget lynx nmap telnet traceroute crontabs mlocate logwatch ftp bzip2-* git openssl-* boost-* GeoIP-* vsftpd-*

vi /etc/profile
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib
export LD_RUN_PATH=/usr/local/lib

安裝編譯所需要的函示庫
yum -y groupinstall "Development Tools"
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ make automake autoconf kernel-devel ncurses-devel curl gd file patch mlocate diffutils libzip curl-devel gd-devel gettext-devel glibc-devel glib2-devel libstdc++-devel libjpeg-devel libmcrypt-devel libpng-devel libxslt-devel libxml2-devel pcre-devel zlib-devel bison bison-devel pam-devel libc-client libc-client-devel

重新開機
https://manager.linode.com/
使用這邊的 reboot 重新開機

Edited by Odyssey

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編輯 dovecot 設定檔
vi /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf
protocols = imap pop3
啟動 pop3
systemctl start dovecot
開機啟動
systemctl enable dovecot
啟動 saslauthd
systemctl start saslauthd
開機啟動
systemctl enable saslauthd

編輯 postfix 設定檔
vi /etc/postfix/main.cf
郵件主機名稱
myhostname = 主機名稱
郵件主機網域名稱
mydomain = 網域名稱
郵件主機發信來源
myorigin = $myhostname
要監聽的網路介面
inet_interfaces = all
要收信的網域名稱
mydestination = /etc/postfix/local-host-names
帳號對照表
virtual_alias_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/virtual
設定信任網域
mynetworks_style = host
規定信任的用戶端
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8, 192.168.0.0/24, hash:/etc/postfix/access
規範可以幫忙 relay 的下一部 MTA 主機位址
relay_domains = $mydestination
啟動 SMTP 認證
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth
smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
smtpd_client_restrictions = permit_sasl_authenticated
smtpd_relay_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, reject_unauth_destination
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated

vi /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-auth.conf
disable_plaintext_auth = no
auth_mechanisms = plain login

vi /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-mail.conf
mail_location = mbox:~/mail:INBOX=/var/mail/%u

vi /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-master.conf
service auth 區塊
#unix_listener auth-userdb
unix_listener /var/spool/postfix/private/auth {
  mode = 0666
  user = postfix
  group = postdrop
}

設定接收的網域
vi /etc/postfix/local-host-names
設定郵件帳號對應
vi /etc/postfix/virtual
轉換對照表
postmap /etc/postfix/virtual

啟動服務
systemctl start postfix
開機啟動
systemctl enable postfix

重新開機
https://manager.linode.com/
使用這邊的 reboot 重新開機

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安裝 Make
tar zxf make-4.2.1.tar.gz
cd make-4.2.1
./configure && make && make install && make clean

安裝 M4
tar zxf m4-1.4.18.tar.gz
cd m4-1.4.18
./configure && make && make install && make clean

安裝 Autoconf
tar zxf autoconf-2.69.tar.gz
cd autoconf-2.69
./configure && make && make install && make clean

安裝 Automake
tar zxf automake-1.15.1.tar.gz
cd automake-1.15.1
./configure && make && make install && make clean

安裝 Libtool
tar zxf libtool-2.4.6.tar.gz
cd libtool-2.4.6
./configure && make && make install && make clean

安裝 Bison
tar zxf bison-3.0.4.tar.gz
cd bison-3.0.4
./configure && make && make install && make clean

登出再登入

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安裝 7-zip
tar jxf p7zip_16.02_src_all.tar.bz2
cd p7zip_16.02
cp makefile.linux_amd64 makefile.machine
make all
make test
make install
make clean

執行檔位置
/usr/local/bin/7za

安裝 libevent
tar zxf libevent-2.1.8-stable.tar.gz
cd libevent-2.1.8-stable
./configure && make && make install && make clean

安裝 memcached
tar zxf memcached-1.5.5.tar.gz
cd memcached-1.5.5
./configure --with-libevent && make && make install && make clean

啟動
/usr/local/bin/memcached -u daemon -d -l 127.0.0.1 -p 11211 -m 64 -t 4

安裝 redis
tar zxf redis-4.0.8.tar.gz
cd redis-4.0.8
make
make test
make install
cd utils
./install_server.sh

啟動 redis
/usr/local/bin/redis-server /etc/redis/6379.conf
命令列
/usr/local/bin/redis-cli
性能測試
/usr/local/bin/redis-benchmark -n 10000

安裝 libmcrypt
tar zxf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libmcrypt && make && make install && make clean

安装 apr
tar jxf apr-1.6.3.tar.bz2
cd apr-1.6.3
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr && make && make install && make clean

安装 apr-util
tar jxf apr-util-1.6.1.tar.bz2
cd apr-util-1.6.1
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-util --with-apr=/usr/local/apr/bin/apr-1-config && make && make install && make clean

安裝 sqlite
tar zxf sqlite-autoconf-3220000.tar.gz
cd sqlite-autoconf-3220000
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/sqlite3 && make && make install && make clean

執行檔位置
/usr/local/sqlite3/bin/sqlite3

安裝 subversion
tar jxf subversion-1.9.7.tar.bz2
cd subversion-1.9.7
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/subversion --with-apr=/usr/local/apr --with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util --with-sqlite=/usr/local/sqlite3 && make && make install && make clean

安裝 cmake
tar zxf cmake-3.10.2.tar.gz
cd cmake-3.10.2
./configure && make && make install && make clean

安裝 ImageMagick
tar zxf ImageMagick.tar.gz
cd ImageMagick-7.0.7-23
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/ImageMagick && make && make install && make clean

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安裝 mariadb
tar zxf mariadb-10.0.34.tar.gz
cd mariadb-10.0.34
/usr/local/bin/cmake . -LH
/usr/local/bin/cmake . -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DWITH_INNODB_MEMCACHED=on && make && make install && make clean

切換到目的目錄
cd /usr/local/mysql
新增 mysql 使用者和群組
useradd -r mysql
建立目錄
mkdir /var/lib/mysql
變更擁有者
chown mysql /var/lib/mysql
變更擁有者
chown -R mysql .
變更群組
chgrp -R mysql .
安裝預設資料
scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
變更程式擁有者為 root
chown -R root .
變更資料擁有者為 mysql
chown -R mysql data
複製設定檔
cp support-files/my-huge.cnf /etc/my.cnf
複製啟動檔
cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql.server
編輯設定檔
vi /etc/my.cnf
character-set-server = utf8
collation-server = utf8_general_ci
default_storage_engine = MyISAM
#default_storage_engine = InnoDB
skip-external-locking
thread_concurrency
skip-networking

啟動 mysql
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --datadir=/var/lib/mysql &
設定 root 帳號密碼
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password '新密碼'
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_secure_installation
登入 mysql
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p
use mysql;
delete from user where Host <> 'localhost' or User <> 'root';
exit;

安裝 postgresql
tar jxf postgresql-10.1.tar.gz
cd postgresql-10.1
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pgsql --without-readline && gmake && gmake install && gmake clean
新增使用者 postgres
useradd postgres
建立資料目錄
mkdir /usr/local/pgsql/data
變更資料擁有者
chown postgres /usr/local/pgsql/data
切換使用者
su - postgres
初始化資料
/usr/local/pgsql/bin/initdb -D /usr/local/pgsql/data
編輯設定檔
vi /usr/local/pgsql/data/postgresql.conf
vi /usr/local/pgsql/data/pg_ident.conf
vi /usr/local/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf
啟動 pgsql (須用 postgres 使用者啟動)
/usr/local/pgsql/bin/pg_ctl -D /usr/local/pgsql/data -l logfile start
登入 postgresql
/usr/local/pgsql/bin/psql
設定 postgres 密碼
alter role postgres with password '新密碼';
登出 postgresql
\q
登出 postgres 使用者
exit

重新開機
https://manager.linode.com/
使用這邊的 reboot 重新開機

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安裝 nghttp2
tar jxf nghttp2-1.30.0.tar.bz2
cd nghttp2-1.30.0
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nghttp2 --with-boost && make && make install && make clean

安裝 httpd 2.4.29
tar jxf httpd-2.4.29.tar.bz2
cd httpd-2.4.29
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache2 --with-apr=/usr/local/apr --with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util --with-pcre --enable-mods-shared=all --enable-mpms-shared=all --enable-static-support --enable-http2 --with-nghttp2=/usr/local/nghttp2 && make && make install && make clean

安裝 nginx
tar zxf nginx-1.13.9.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.13.9
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-threads --with-pcre --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_v2_module && make && make install && make clean

設定 nginx
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

新增PHP支援
# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
location ~ \.php$ {
    root           html;
    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
    fastcgi_index  index.php;
    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    include        fastcgi_params;
}
測試 nginx
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t
啟動 nginx
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
停止 nginx
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s quit
重啟 nginx
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload
預設根目錄
/usr/local/nginx/html

安裝 php-7.2.2
tar jxf php-7.2.2.tar.bz2
cd php-7.2.2
# 自訂版(請自行依當時情況更動)
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php7 --with-config-file-path=/etc --with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php.d --enable-maintainer-zts --with-tsrm-pthreads --enable-bcmath --without-bz2 --enable-calendar --enable-cgi --enable-cli --enable-ctype --with-curl --enable-dom --without-enchant --enable-exif --enable-fileinfo --enable-filter --enable-ftp --enable-fpm --with-fpm-user=nobody --with-fpm-group=nobody --without-gd --with-gettext --enable-hash --with-iconv --without-imap --disable-intl --enable-json --enable-libxml --enable-mbstring --with-mhash --enable-mysqlnd --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --with-mysql-sock --enable-opcache --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --without-pear --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd --with-pdo-pgsql --with-pgsql=/usr/local/pgsql --enable-phar --enable-posix --enable-session --enable-shmop --enable-simplexml --enable-soap --enable-sockets --enable-sysvmsg --enable-sysvsem --enable-sysvshm --enable-tokenizer --enable-wddx --enable-xml --enable-xmlreader --with-xmlrpc --with-xsl --with-libzip --with-zlib

make
make test
make install
make clean
複製 PHP 設定檔
cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php7/etc/php.ini
複製 php-fpm 設定檔
cp /usr/local/php7/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php7/etc/php-fpm.conf
cp /usr/local/php7/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php7/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
編輯設定檔
vi /usr/local/php7/etc/php.ini
vi /usr/local/php7/etc/php-fpm.conf
啟動 php-fpm
/usr/local/php7/sbin/php-fpm  -c /usr/local/php7/etc/php.ini -y /usr/local/php7/etc/php-fpm.conf

ps -A
killall -KILL php-fpm

將 php 加入系統環境變數
vi /etc/profile
在最後面加入
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/php7/bin

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安裝 php imagick
tar zxf imagick-3.4.3.tgz
cd imagick-3.4.3
/usr/local/php7/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php7/bin/php-config --with-imagick=/usr/local/ImageMagick && make && make install && make clean

vi /usr/local/php7/etc/php.ini
extension=imagick.so

安裝 php redis
tar zxf phpredis-3.1.6.tar.gz
cd phpredis-3.1.6
/usr/local/php7/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php7/bin/php-config && make && make install && make clean

vi /usr/local/php7/etc/php.ini
extension=redis.so

安裝 php geoip
tar zxf geoip-1.1.1.tgz
cd geoip-1.1.1
/usr/local/php7/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php7/bin/php-config --with-geoip && make && make install && make clean

vi /usr/local/php7/etc/php.ini
extension=geoip.so
 

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設定執行權限
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.local
設定開機啟動
vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local
#啟動 firewall
/usr/local/bin/firewall.sh start
#啟動 memcached
/usr/local/bin/memcached -u daemon -d -l 127.0.0.1 -p 11211 -m 64 -t 4
#啟動 redis
/usr/local/bin/redis-server /etc/redis/6379.conf
#啟動 mysql
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --datadir=/var/lib/mysql &
#啟動 nginx
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
#啟動 php-fpm
/usr/local/php7/sbin/php-fpm  -c /usr/local/php7/etc/php.ini -y /usr/local/php7/etc/php-fpm.conf
#啟動 subversion
/usr/local/subversion/bin/svnserve -d -r /home/subversion

設定 sshd
vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config

LoginGraceTime 2m
PermitRootLogin yes
StrictModes yes
MaxAuthTries 6
MaxSessions 10
PermitEmptyPasswords no
PasswordAuthentication yes

重新啟動
systemctl restart sshd

vi +/expose_php /usr/local/php7/etc/php.ini
expose_php = Off
 

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tar zxf node-v9.6.0.tar.gz
cd node-v9.6.0
./configure
make
make test
make install
make doc
make clean

/usr/local/bin/node

tar zxf Python-3.6.4.tgz
cd Python-3.6.4
./configure
make
make test
make install
make clean

/usr/local/bin/python3
/usr/local/bin/pip3
/usr/local/bin/pip3 install Django
/usr/local/bin/pip3 install PyMySQL
/usr/local/bin/pip3 install uwsgi

tar zxf proftpd-1.3.6.tar.gz
cd proftpd-1.3.6
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/ProFTPD && make && make install && make clean

tar jxf last_x264.tar.bz2
cd x264-snapshot-20180221-2245
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/x264 --disable-asm --enable-shared --enable-static --bit-depth=8 --chroma-format=all
make
make install
make clean

/usr/local/x264/bin/x264

tar jxf ffmpeg-3.4.2.tar.bz2
cd ffmpeg-3.4.2
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/FFmpeg --disable-asm
make
make install
make clean

/usr/local/FFmpeg/bin/ffmpeg

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